Benedict Cumberbatch as Sherlock Holmes in the BBC TV series, ‘Sherlock’
So, in this little series, we’ve talk about using verbs and the extra information you can communicate when you choose them mindfully.
(To read the first post, click here. To read the second post, click here.)
Today I want to talk about how you can use verbs to convey character and emotion. Consider the following sentence:
Sherlock left the room.
This sentence tells us nothing about the character or how he feels. All it gives us is a bit of rudimentary choreography. Now lets play with some variations:
Sherlock swept out of the room. ‘Swept’ gives the suggestion not only of Sherlock’s imperious, and rather vain, nature but also of what he is wearing, that long overcoat swirling around his heels. A person has to have the attention of everyone present in order to sweep out, particularly that of the narrator (and as usual with these characters, we can assume its John’s point of view). Using this verb tells us something about John too, therefore. It shows the amount of attention he pays to Sherlock, and his feelings about how Sherlock moves when he leaves – admiration and perhaps exasperation are implied.
Sherlock stormed out. Sherlock wouldn’t stomp anywhere. He’s too much of a drama queen for that. Life with Sherlock is like being at the heart of a hurricane, so this verb implies his power and presence.
John stormed out. John is also capable of storming out. He’s a little bulldog of a man with anger issues and BAMF tendencies, so we can hear in this verb his impressive presence. However, John is also capable of stomping in a way Sherlock isn’t. There is something more down-to-earth about stomping that doesn’t fit with Sherlock’s persona.
Sherlock flounced out. Sherlock, with all those curls, the flowing coat, the self-absorption and vanity, would definitely flounce. This verb tells us so much about his character and attention-seeking – which of course, John feeds. By using this verb within John’s point of view, we can actually see him feeding it! Flounce also implies a certain degree of sulking, so we get the emotion involved in his movement.
Sherlock exited the room. No one exits a room except in the instructions for a fire drill! This verb tells us absolutely nothing about his character, movement or dress, or about the emotional circumstances in which he leaves. What it does tell us is that the writer is unimaginative and stiff. If you are ever tempted to use the word exited, either:
- think of something better, or
- skip the action altogether because it is probably something so mundane that you can let the reader assume it has happened, e.g. After Sherlock had swept out, John sat back in his chair…
I hope that this little rumination on choosing words has opened a window on the methods of writing for you in a practical way, and enabled you to think about how you choose your words more mindfully. Your writing will definitely benefit from it if you do.
In the meantime, if you are interested in thinking more about this subject, you can’t do better than reading Chapter 2 of Francine Prose’s marvellous book, ‘Reading like a Writer: A Guide for people who love books, and for those who want to write them’. In fact, read the whole book anyway. Its brilliant, and Prose explains things far better than I ever could.